What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)?
Snoring is noisy breathing during sleep. It is a common problem among all ages and both genders, and it affects millions of Canadian adults. Snoring may occur nightly or intermittently. Persons most at risk are males and those who are overweight, but snoring is a problem of both genders, although it is possible that women do not present with this complaint as frequently as men. Snoring usually becomes more serious as people age. It can cause disruptions to your own sleep and your bed-partner’s sleep. It can lead to fragmented and un-refreshing sleep which translates into poor daytime function (tiredness and sleepiness). The two most common adverse health effects that are believed to be casually linked to snoring are daytime dysfunction and heart disease. About one-half of people who snore loudly have obstructive sleep apnea.
OSA is the narrowing of the throat that partially or completely blocks the flow of air during sleep, resulting in problems with breathing. Each episode of problem breathing lasts about 10 seconds. After 10 seconds, a person wakes up for a very short time to restore normal breathing but the person often does not remember waking up. These episodes are categorized as either apneas or hypopneas
- Apnea: flow of air is completely blocked
- Hypoapnea: flow of air is partially blocked
A person with OSA has dozens to hundreds of these episodes per night.
One in four adults in Canada are considered high risk for having or developing obstructive sleep apnea, the most common sleep disorder. Despite a recent rise in awareness, 80-90% of people who snore and or have obstructive sleep apnea remain undiagnosed and untreated.
The Snore Centre
[/bscolumns][bscolumns class=”one_half_last_clear”]The Snore Centre is independently owned, formed with a vision of creating a national network of clinics, providing evidence-based clinical practice. Utilizing the best evidence available in consultation with each patient, The Snore Centre team determines the treatment option best suited for each patient. Treatment may include Oral Appliance Therapy (OAT), Positive Airway Pressure Therapy, conservative recommendations, and or a referral for a specialist consultation. It is this truly unique approach that distinguishes The Snore Centre and ensures each patient receives the best care available in the industry.
We are a comprehensive, multidisciplinary clinic offering a full spectrum of clinical services, including personalized diagnostic and treatment for snoring, obstructive sleep apnea, and more complex cases of sleep disordered breathing. Founded in 2011, The Snore Centre offers exceptional care in conjunction with leading ENT specialists, dentists, orthodontists, CPAP and respiratory clinics, nutritionists, and physicians specializing in sleep medicine.[/bscolumns][bscolumns class=”clear”][/bscolumns]
Why is treating sleep apnea so important?
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The Real Danger of Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)
- OSA is a serious sleep disorder that causes your breathing to stop repeatedly during sleep due to a blockage of your upper airway. The breathing pauses (apneas) usually last between 10-30 seconds.
- An estimated 3% (858,900) of Canadian adults 18 years and older have been diagnosed with OSA, and it is estimated that 80% of moderate and sever OSA cases are currently undiagnosed.
- Patients who suffer from untreated OSA or are non-compliant to therapy have a greater risk of premature death than those who are heavy smokers.
- The good news is if you have been diagnosed you have the chance to treat your condition and start having a better sleep and a better life.
Signs, Symptoms & Consequences of Untreated OSA
- Increased Risk of Death
- Loud Snoring
- Increased Divorce Rate
- Irritability or Mood Changes
- Poor Concentration or Memory Loss
- Lowered Sex Drive
- Cancer Risk
- Falling Asleep While Driving
- Gasping or Choking During Sleep
- Morning Headaches
If You Choose Treatment, You Could Experience the Following Benefits
- Reduced Blood Pressure & Risk of Heart Attack
- Decreased Risk of Death
- Better Control of Diabetes
- Improvement or Elimination of Daytime Sleepiness
- Reduction in Snoring
- Improved Symptoms of Depression
- Improved Quality of Life
- Improved Psychological Health & Happiness
- Increased Performance in Work/School
- Increased Sexual Function
- Reduced Vehicle & Workplace Accidents
How is OSA treated?
Treatment options should be discussed with a doctor, as certain treatments may be more likely to be effective than others for an individual person.
- PAP (Positive Airway Pressure)
- A mask worn at night that uses air to open the airway and restore normal breathing during sleep
- Most effective treatment for OSA
- Dental Appliance
- Repositions lower jaw
- May be effective in mild-to-moderate OSA
May involve removal of tissue in the back of the throat or repositioning of the bones of the face or jaw
- Weight loss
- Losing weight can dramatically improve OSA in patients who are overweight
- 1 % decrease in weight can decrease number of sleep apnea events by up to 3%
- Nasal resistance valves
- New treatment
- Currently being studied to determine efficacy